Direct link to the book, the author
comes pretty close to the reality our culture.
Cure for Penofobia
comes pretty close to the reality our culture.
|Official Name. Republic of the Philippines.
Coat of Arms. Shield bearing an eagle on a blue background to symbolize former rule
by United States, a lion on a red field to symbolize former rule by Spain, and three gold
stars on a white field to symbolize the Philippine islands. Gold sun in circle in middle
of shield symbolizes independence. Adopted 1946.
Motto. "One Spirit, One Nation."
Anthem. 'Lupang Hinirang' (Land Dear and Holy).
Climate. Equatorial with frequent tropical monsoon conditions. Typhoons most
frequent from June to December, except on Mindanao. Wet season from May to November. High
temperatures remain constant throughout the year.
Natural Regions. North Luzon Highlands, Central Plain, Cagayan Valley, Sierra
Madre, Davao-Agusan Lowland, Cotabato Lowland, Bukidnon-Lanao Plateau, Tablas Plateau,
Major Islands. Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Samar, Palawan, Panay, Mindoro, Leyte,
Bohol, Catanduanes, Cebu, Masbate.
Major Mountain Ranges. Sierra Madre, Cordillera Central, Caraballo Mountains,
Zambales Mountains, Diuata (Diwata) Mountains.
Notable Peaks. Mount Apo, 9,688 feet (2,953 meters); Mount Pulog, 9,612 feet (2,930
meters); Mount Halcon, 8,487 feet (2,587 meters).
Major Rivers. Cagayan, Agno, Pampanga, Pasig, Bicol, Mindanao, Agusan.
Major Lakes. Laguna de Bay, Lake Sultan Alonto, Lake Taal.
Coastline -- 10,900 miles (17,500 kilometers).
|When to Go
The best time to visit is
November-March, when the temperatures are cool and pleasant (it’s
15 F/7 C degrees cooler in the mountain areas). April and May are
very hot and humid—it’s just prior to the rainy season. Avoid
the rainy season, June-September, as roads are often damaged by
Do's and Don'ts
Do keep cool by wearing the sensible
clothing and fabrics the Filipinos have developed to deal with the heat
and humidity. For men, the barong tagalog, or long-sleeved shirt,
worn untucked, will get you through even the most formal occasions. The
short-sleeved style, the polo barong, is even cooler...Do expect to be
engaged in conversation in social situations—silence may be
interpreted as discomfort or dislike...Do be security-conscious.
Throughout the islands, there’s petty thievery, which can ruin your
vacation. Also, while most Filipinos are extremely friendly, there
are some who aren’t, so do not accept drinks or food from a stranger
(particularly in tourist areas)...Do bargain at markets, but never at
department stores or supermarkets...Do be polite. Public displays of
anger generally won’t get you what you want (even if you are in the
right)...Don’t be enticed to exchange money on the street unless you
enjoy watching con artists at work. Frequent only licensed money
changers...Don’t be surprised at the slowness of the postal
service...Do find out whether prices are being quoted in U.S. dollars or
Filipino pesos (especially with local tour operators)...Don’t be
shocked by the number of people who carry guns, especially in
cities. You’ll even see signs asking people to leave firearms outside
before entering various premises. Because guns are so common, you may
find that you and your possessions are subject to searches from time to
time...Don’t be surprised by blackouts. Power shortages in
Manila are not uncommon...Don’t expect to travel faster than 45 mph/70
kph on the roads. Carts, water buffalo and people share the roads as
Tipping: Add a small tip for good
restaurant service, even though a service charge has already been tacked
on the bill; reward excellent service with an extra 5%. Taxi fares
should be rounded up, and bellboys tipped 2 to 5 pesos. be sure to
read Travel Information section to learn
about scams, dealing with taxis and much more.... Reliable on-line
Agency. Read about Personal
79,345,812 (July 1999
est.) 621 persons per square mile (241
persons per square kilometer); 54.0 percent urban, 46.0 percent rural.
0-14 years: 37% (male 15,057,698; female 14,555,430)
15-64 years: 59% (male 23,168,043; female 23,715,877)
65 years and over: 4% (male 1,269,522; female 1,579,242) (1999 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.04% (1999 est.)
Birth rate: 27.88 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)
Death rate: 6.45 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999
Sex ratio: (
Not enough men is big myth - just not enough good husbands)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (1999 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 33.89 deaths/1,000 live births (1999
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 66.58 years
male: 63.79 years
female: 69.5 years (1999 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.46 children born/woman (1999 est.)
Heritage: Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%,
Ethnic Groups. Tagalog,
Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon Ilongo, Bicol,
Waray, Pampango, Pangasinan.
Religions: Roman Catholic 83%, Protestant 9%, Muslim 5%,
Buddhist and other 3%
Languages: Pilipino (official, based on Tagalog),
English (official) Bisaya
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.6%
female: 94.3% (1995 est.)
MAJOR CITIES (1991)
Manila (1,894,667). Capital city of the Philippines; economic, political,
social, cultural center; publishing and printing; food and beverage processing; textiles;
pharmaceuticals; footwear; paper; rope; chemicals; soap; tobacco goods; plywood;
machinery; shipbuilding; Malacanang Palace; University of Santo Tomas (see Manila,
Quezon City (1,627,890). On Luzon; former capital of the Philippines
(1948-76); light industry; housing projects; transportation hub; Father Aguilar's Zoo;
National Park and Wildlife Grounds; Quezon Memorial Hall; Araneta Coliseum.
Davao (867,779). International seaport on southeastern Mindanao; copra;
corn (maize); rice; abaca; coconuts; cement; plywood; University of Mindanao; Samal Island
pearl farm; Talomo Beach; Bago Inigo fish farm.
Cebu (641,042). Bustling seaport on Cebu Island; nation's oldest
settlement; copra; abaca; sugar; timber; fish; textiles; footwear; processed foods;
vegetable oil; furniture; chemicals; cosmetics; candles; jewelry; University of San
Carlos; international airport; Fort San Pedro ruins.
Caloocan (629,473). Residential and industrial suburb of Manila; processed
foods; textiles; engineering products; noodle fish; duck breeding and duck egg industry;
Andres Bonifacio monument.
Zamboanga (453,214). Busy seaport city located on western Mindanao; rubber,
pearls, copra, hardwoods, fish, abaca, fruit products; brassware; bronzeware; airport;
Zamboanga State College.
Chief Agricultural Products.
Crops--sugarcane, rice, coconuts, corn (maize),
bananas, cassava, pineapples, mangoes, coffee, tobacco. Livestock--pigs, buffalo,
goats, cattle, chickens. Chief Mined Products. Coal, nickel ore, copper
concentrate, silver, gold, crude petroleum. Chief Manufactured Products. Food
items, petroleum products, footwear and apparel, chemicals, electrical machinery,
nonmetallic mineral products, beverages, tobacco.
Foreign Trade. Imports, 61%; exports, 39%.
Chief Imports. Petroleum and petroleum products, iron and steel,
nonelectrical machinery, electrical machinery, inedible crude materials, motor vehicles
and parts, cereals and cereal preparations, inorganic chemicals.
Chief Exports. Electrical machinery and parts, clothing, coconut products,
metalliferous ores and metal scrap, nonferrous metals, chemicals, wood products, bananas.
Chief Trading Partners. United States, Japan, Taiwan.
Monetary Unit. 1 Philippine peso = 100 centavos. (US
dollar = approx. 40 pesos)
Schools. Public elementary schools established almost everywhere; most secondary
and postsecondary schools are private; technical and vocational education is heavily
stressed and is considered formal education.
Compulsory School Age. Attendance is free and compulsory for six years of
Literacy. 93.6 percent.
Leading Universities. University of Santo Tomas; University of the Philippines;
University of San Carlos; University of Mindanao; Philippine Women's University;
University of the East; Ateneo de Manila University.
Notable Museums and Art Galleries. National Museum of the Philippines; Museum of
Ethnology; Museum of Filipino Life; Metropolitan Museum of Manila; Museum of Natural
Science; Malacanang Art Museum; Ilocos Norte Art Museum.
PLACES OF INTEREST
American Military Cemetery and War Memorial. In Fort Bonifacio, Manila; over 17,000
American and Allied war dead killed in action during World War II are buried here;
monument bearing names of over 36,000 missing servicemen.
Apo Reef National Marine Park. On Mindoro; atoll-like reef with two lagoon systems
separated by a narrow channel with a sandy bottom and branching coral; about 400 species
of marine fishes live here, along with sharks, stingrays, manta rays, and moray eels;
diving; bird colonies on the islands of Binangaan and Cayos del Bajo.
Ayala Museum. In Manila; dioramas depicting highlights of Philippine history;
archaeological, ethnic, and colonial heritage displays; burial and excavation artifacts;
ethnic arts and handicrafts; sculpture; Carlos P. Romulo memorabilia.
Baguio. Summer escape from Manila's heat; beautiful mountain scenery; gold mines;
Philippine Military Academy; Camp John Hay; Trinidad Valley; carved wood handicrafts;
bazaars; train rides; Banaue rice terraces.
Bataan. Peninsula at entrance to Manila Bay; World War II battleground; many memorials;
Altar of Valor; volcanic mountains; boat races; water skiing.
Boracay Island. Off northern coast of Panay; no television, telephones, or cars
allowed; crystal-clear warm waters; white-sand beaches; coconut palms; puka shell jewelry.
Corregidor. Island at entrance to Manila Bay; prominent battleground of World War II;
displays of barracks, tunnels, and artillery; Pacific War Memorial; Malinta Tunnel;
Memorial Chapel; Middleside Barracks; Eternal Flame.
Hundred Islands. Protected national park along southern shores of Lingayen Gulf;
Milagrosa Caves; oyster farms; fishing; milkfish culture; boat rentals; snorkeling and
diving amid coral reefs; resort inns; camping; famed seashell-gathering spot.
Ilocos Coast. Region in northwestern Luzon; dramatic seascapes; weaving; jewelry
making; pottery; beach resorts; scuba diving; Syquia Mansion; Burgos Museum and Library;
Archbishop's Palace; St. Pauls' Cathedral (earthquake-proof); Santa Maria Church;
18th-century rococo architecture; St. William's Cathedral; Balay ti Ili, former home of
Marcos family; Juan Luna Shrine; Cape Bojeador Lighthouse.
Intramuros. Site of a fortress built in Manila in 1571 after Spaniards defeated a force
of Muslims. A well-defended small city was built inside the walls. Manila Cathedral and
many old homes are worth visiting.
Nayong Pilipino (Philippine Village) Theme Park. In Manila; highlights the country's
regions, culture, and tourist attractions in miniature; jeepney rides.
Pagsanjan. On Luzon; giant waterfalls; boat rides on the Pagsanjan River; raft rides to
cave behind the falls.
Palawan. Rain forests; caves; deserted beaches and coves; coral gardens; wild orchids
and ferns; butterflies; birds; home to primitive tribes; Paleolithic caves; Game Preserve
and Sanctuary (Calauit Island); Bird Refuge (Ursula Island); St. Paul Subterranean River
National Park; towering black limestone cliffs (El Nido); area specialty is nido soup
(edible bird's nest soup). Rizal. Province on Luzon; at the foothills of the Sierra Madre;
fish landing port of Navotas; fishing town of Malabon; duck raising in Pateros; shoemaking
center in Marikina; Angono artists' colony; Antipolo pilgrimage in May; Carabao Festival
of Angono; during Holy Week worshipers climb Mount Banahaw.
Tulingon Caves and Basang Cave. In Nabas on Panay; Tulingon is longest cave in the
country; Basang has a swimming basin; spelunking; bat guano collecting; nearby town
sponsors annual month-long Ati-Atihan dancing festival.
Form of Government. Unitary republic.
Constitution. Ratified Feb. 14, 1987.
Head of State and Government. President.
Cabinet. Appointed by the president.
Legislature. Congress of the Philippines, consisting of Senate and House of
Representatives. Senate--24 members, elected by universal suffrage; term, 6 years. House
of Representatives-- 204 members, some elected by districts and some appointed; term, 3
Judiciary. Supreme Court--chief justice and 14 associate judges. Court of
Appeals--chief justice and 49 associate justices. Regional trial courts; metropolitan
trial court; municipal trial court; municipal circuit trial court.
Political Divisions. 14 regions--Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Caraga, Central Luzon, Central
Mindanao, Central Visayas, Eastern Visayas, Ilocos, National Capital, Northern Mindanao,
Southern Mindanao, Southern Tagalog, Western Mindanao, Western Visayas; 2 autonomous
regions--Cordillera, Muslim Mindanao
Voting Qualification. Age 18.
American-Filipino couples, for better relationships Before & After marriage.
"A must see!"
|Large Philippine site with tons
of information and links